25 стратегий чтения, применимые к любому содержанию

25 стратегий чтения, применимые к любому содержанию

by Евгений Волков -
Number of replies: 0


25 Reading Strategies That Work In Every Content Area

12/26/2013, TeachThought Staff8 Comments


25 Reading Strategies That Work In Every Content Area

Reading is reading. By understanding that letters make sounds, we can blend those sounds together to make whole sounds that symbolize meaning we can all exchange with one another.

Without getting too Platonic about it all, reading doesn't change simply because you're reading a text from another content area. Only sometimes it does.

Science content can often by full of jargon, research citations, and odd text features.

Social Studies content can be an interesting mix of itemized information, and traditional paragraphs/imagery.

Literature? Well, that depends on if you mean the flexible form of poetry, the enduring structure of a novel, or emerging digital literature that combines multiple modalities to tell a story. (Inanimate Alice, for example.)

This all makes reading strategies somewhat content area specific. Stopping (maybe the most undervalued strategy ever) and Rereading might make more sense in science, while Visualization and Text Connections may make more sense reading literary works. Questioning the Text may make equal sense in both.

But if you'd like to start with a basic set of strategies, you could do worse than the elegant graphic above from wiki-teacher.com. (Useful site, by the way. Check it out.) It lists 12 basic reading comprehension strategies.

For related reading, see 50 of the best reading comprehension appsdifferent ways your school can promote literacy, or how reading in the 21st century is different.

25 Reading Strategies That Work In Every Content Area

  1. Reread
  2. Activate Prior Knowledge
  3. Use Context Clues
  4. Infer
  5. Think Aloud
  6. Summarize
  7. Locate Key Words
  8. Make Predictions
  9. Use Word Attack Strategies
  10. Visualize
  11. Use Graphic Organizers
  12. Evaluate Understanding
    1. To the above list, we'd add:
  13. Question the Text
  14. Stop!
  15. Monitor & Repair Understanding (While Reading)
  16. Paraphrase
  17. Annotate the Text
  18. Adjust Reading Rate
  19. Prioritize Information
  20. Use Graphic Notetaking
  21. Predict
  22. Set a Reader Purpose
  23. Text-connections (text-to-self, text-to-text, text-to-world)
  24. Skim
  25. SSQ (Stop, Summarize, Question)

We'll gather these and put them in a Before Reading, During Reading, and After Reading matrix soon. Only because we like you.

356 words