—ократ и слухи

ќднажды к —ократу пришел знакомый и сказал:

Ч я сейчас расскажу тебе что-то, что € услышал об одном из твоих друзей.

Ч ѕодожди минутку, Ч ответил —ократ. Ч ѕрежде, чем ты расскажешь мне что-то, это должно пройти тройной фильтр. ѕрежде, чем говорить о моЄм друге, ты должен профильтровать то, что ты собираешьс€ рассказать. ѕервый фильтр Ч правда. —кажи, ты абсолютно уверен, что это правда?

Ч Ќет, Ч ответил знакомый, Ч € сам услышал об этом от других.

Ч «начит, ты не уверен, что это правда. “еперь второй фильтр Ч добро. “о, что ты собираешьс€ рассказать о моЄм друге, содержит что-то хорошее?

Ч Ќаоборот. Ёто что-то очень плохое.

Ч »так, ты хочешь сказать мне нечто, что может оказатьс€ неправдой, да ещЄ и что-то плохое. “ретий же фильтр Ч полезность. —могу ли € лично извлечь какую-либо пользу из сказанного тобой?

Ч ¬ общем-то, нет, Ч ответил знакомый.

Ч „то ж, если то, что ты хочешь мне рассказать, Ч ни правдивое, ни хорошее, ни полезное, то зачем мне это знать?

In ancient Greece, Socrates was held in high esteem for his wisdom and teaching others how to live a good life. One day an acquaintance met the great philosopher on a street in Athens Greece and said, "Do you know what I just heard about your friend?"

"Hold on a minute," Socrates replied. "Before you tell me what you heard about my friend, it might be good idea to take a moment and filter what youТre going to say. I call it the triple filter test. The first filter is Truth. Have you made absolutely sure that what you are about to tell me is true?"

"Well, no," the man said, "actually I just heard about it andЕ"

"All right," said Socrates. "So you donТt really know if itТs true or not. Now, letТs try the second filter, the filter of Goodness. Is what you are about to tell me about my friend something good?"

"Umm, no, on the contraryЕ"

"So," Socrates continued, "you want to tell me something bad about my friend, but youТre not certain itТs true. You may still pass the test though, because thereТs one filter leftЧthe filter of Usefulness. Is what you want to tell me about my friend going to be useful to me?"

"No, not really."

УWell, then,Ф Socrates said, УIf what you want to say is neither true, nor good or kind, nor useful or necessary, please donТt say anything at all.Ф He then turned and walked away.

***

Socrates was sitting outside of the gates of Athens when a man came up to him and said, СI am thinking about moving into Athens. Can you please tell me what it is like to live here?Т Socrates replied, СI would be happy to tell you, but first would you please tell me what it was like in your previous home city?Т The man quickly roared, СOh, it was awful. The people stab you in the back and rob you blind. I am not leaving any friends, only enemies.Т Socrates frowned and sadly continued,Т Well, you best be on your way because you will find the same thing here in Athens.' A little while later another man stopped to speak to Socrates and inquired, СI was considering moving here to Athens. Can you tell me what it is like to live here?Т Socrates again replied, СI would be happy to tell you, but first would you please tell me what it was like in your previous home city? ТThe man smiled and said, СWhere I come from the people all work together and help each other. Kindness is everywhere, and you are never treated with anything but the utmost respect. 'СWelcome to Athens, Тsmiled Socrates, СYou will find the same thing here.